Authorisation is the employer’s recognition of the ability of a person placed under his authority to carry out the tasks entrusted to him in safety with regard to electrical risks. Before being certified, the worker must have been trained and declared fit by the occupational physician.
The NF C 18-550 standard applies to vehicles and motorised equipment with a thermal, hybrid or electric engine and an on-board source of electrical energy in the low and medium voltage range, during: design, construction, maintenance, repair, towing and demolition.
It concerns :
Vehicles for transporting personnel and goods on or off the road.
Automotive, agricultural, public works and handling equipment.
Vehicles with an on-board electrical power source.
Why electrical clearance?
To avoid accidents of electrical origin which result from :
A lack of knowledge of electrical risks.
Dangerous working conditions.
Personal protective equipment that is not used, defective or not adapted to the risks.Human behaviour: “I know, but I don’t do it”.
Failure to follow rules and procedures.
Everyone, from the client to the worker, who takes into account, at his or her level of responsibility and with the appropriate degree of appreciation, the prevention of electrical risk.
Operators who have the necessary and sufficient technical knowledge to know, in a given environment and for a given job, how to prevent electrical risk.
The above requirements are a sequence of linked decisions and actions taken by all actors. The main parameters of this sequence are the uniqueness, consistency and application of information. The control of monitoring and control procedures at all levels is an essential factor in the prevention of electrical risk.
The NF C 18-550 standard was approved by the Union Electrical engineering in August 2015.
The standard does not apply to thermal, hybrid and electric vehicles and machines that no longer have an on-board power source (e.g. deconstruction).
The NF C 18-550 standard describes a set of requirements to protect against electrical risk during electrical or non-electrical operations on combustion engine, electric and hybrid vehicles and machinery.
He must be designated by his employer to perform these operations. Assignment to a workstation may constitute an implicit designation.
Electrical authorisation is formalised by an authorisation certificate. This title is issued by the employer to the authorised worker.
The authorisation certificate drawn up by the employer must mention the authorisation symbol(s), the voltage range(s) concerned, the works or installations concerned and must, if necessary, include additional information (particularities, limitations, etc.). A model is available in appendix 8.3 of the brochure ED 6313: Electrical authorisation.
This BCL training is not for live work.
It is the employer’s responsibility to organise the training prior to authorisation and to ensure that this training is appropriate for the activities, aptitudes and skills of his employees.
Carry out consignment / de-energisation operations and the reverse operations
Take the corresponding safety measures.
Install protective elements and marking if necessary.
Hand over the signed documents to the person in charge of the operation (repair manager or works manager)
Any person responsible for working on vehicles or machines with on-board electrical energy.
Examples: technician, vehicle preparer, quick service operator or assembly line operator.
Trainees must have electrical skills.
By this :
The trainer must have appropriate instruction, knowledge (theoretical and practical) or experience to enable him/her to analyse the electrical RISK and avoid the hazards that electricity may present to the tasks assigned.
Theoretical and practical contributions.
Thematic exchange of experiences, practices and representations of the participants aiming at updating synergies and feeding consensual reflections.
A theoretical test consisting of several questions designed to assess knowledge.
A practical test during which the candidate will have to carry out the indicated tasks using the necessary materials, tools and equipment, in order to assess know-how.
Knowledge test (MCQ) plus simulation on a hybrid vehicle.
Safety prescription booklet in accordance with standard NF C 18-550.
For information, the period of validity of a vehicle electrical authorisation is 3 years.